If you come from California or any other places in the world with either tropical or Mediterranean climates like South America, you probably have seen a lot of avocados being cultivated or you’re cultivating them yourself. Being a very nutritious food with numerous health benefits, avocados are typically green-skinned fruits with a fleshy body that may be egg-shaped, pear-shaped or otherwise spherical.
However, they are usually quite expensive in the market due to various factors. Even then, it’s possible to grow them yourself, with little or no experience, provided you have the will and the necessary information and as long as you have some small but reasonable piece of land. The following is how to go about it.
1. Take a normal avocado and cut it open to remove the seed at the center. You may eat the edible portion of the fruit. Having done this, wash the seed gently with some clean water. Usually, the seed is oval-shaped and as the plant begins to germinate, the roots grow from the wider, bottom end of the seed.
2. With a sharp knife, cut some thin slice from the bottom and top portion of the seed in order to speed up its root development. And to see its tap root beginning to grow, you can ether wrap the seed in a damp cloth or else suspend it in a cup with some water for several weeks.
3. After a seedling has grown, take the young plant and plant it in some suitable soil. Essentially, an ideal soil is one that comprises of perlite, coco peat as well as organic potting soil. For a starter, a 6-inch pot is preferable. Ensure the soil is constantly damp for the initial few weeks.
4. For your plant to grow properly, ensure its watered frequently at the same time making sure the soil doesn’t become muddy as a result of overwatering it. This would be bad for the plant’s development. As a sign of overwatering, its leaves or even the plant itself may appear yellow.
5. As the plant grows, you may pinch off its set of leaves at the top to facilitate growth of stronger branches that have bushier foliage. However, do this after the plant is 12 inches and above tall.
6. Normally, it’s possible to find some pests on your tree such as spider mites. These can be found especially on the undersides of the plant leaves and can be potentially damaging to the plant. To get rid of them, you can either unleash ladybugs or alternatively wash them off using a mild soap that is mixed with a lot of water. You can incorporate any other effective method to achieve the same.
7. If the area you live has a warm (tropical) climate or otherwise in the summer season, you can then transfer the tree outdoors. Additionally, avocado trees can thrive in both alkaline and acidic soils, but their best optimal range is 6-6.5 pH.
Hope this is helpful information to help you grow avocado trees that can provide you with fabulous avocados all year round.